The world is developing insanely fast, which means that something becomes trending when something else may become obsolete. With the IT industry, one can claim that these changes happen at the speed of a sound. Based on the technological advancements in 2019 (the roots and rapid development of IoT, the heyday of AI, blockchain implementation, etc.), we can predict what is and will be trending throughout 2020.
No matter if you manage an enterprise or you are a software developer who wants to keep up with the times, you should be aware of the software development trends. Whether you own a startup or a long-existing organization, you want to stay on the market for as long as possible.
Being aware of the latest development technologies that will be popular throughout 2020 and in the upcoming years allows to be competitive in today’s market as well as future-proof your business
Even if you are a developer with a perspective of new job acquisition, you should have an eye for these technologies. If you are a software development company, you also should have your finger on these revolutionary technologies to select the best candidates for your job.
Blockchain has occupied the leading positions among the growing technology trends in 2020 based on LinkedIn’s research. Having emerged together with cryptocurrency and as a technology to store cryptocurrency transactions, blockchain has grown into something much bigger and became a development .
According to the “Emerging Jobs in 2020” report published by LinkedIn the growing interest in blockchain is associated with the growing prices for Bitcoin. So, what else will blockchain be used for in 2020? The answer lies in the fact that it has a lot of advantages as compared to traditional databases:
Of course, blockchain technology has a considerable number of disadvantages, such as potential attacks, inefficiency, and large size. Nevertheless, it seems that blockchain will be among the most demanded technologies in 2020.
Cloud computing technology has been on the rise for a few recent years and seems to remain among one of the greatest software development trends since cloud data storage is more cost-efficient for firms than maintaining their own IT infrastructure. Cloud computing services include not only storage but also video streaming, networking, artificial intelligence development, and standard office applications.
According to research conducted by Gartner, by 2021, more than 50% of global enterprises and firms using cloud computing nowadays, will adopt an all-in cloud strategy, which means that these companies will store all their data in cloud systems.
Artificial intelligence has been one of the top software industry trends in the past decade and it doesn’t seem to lose ground in 2020. AI will be beneficial for computer graphics to create videos and images as realistic as possible. Another artificial intelligence trend, which will be rather popular in 2020, is deep fake. Furthermore, it has the potential to make users’ experience more personalized.
Specifically, AI will help service providers to have a more accurate view of their customers’ needs according to Tech Startups article.
Here are some facts about AI in numbers:
Among the new technologies trends that will rock the IT industry in 2020, is cybersecurity. As the world is becoming more connected, the need to protect data is rapidly increasing. Thus, more and more companies are looking for effective protection against malware issued by their competitors. According to the IT Security Economics in 2019 Report by Kaspersky, in 2019, more than 50% of all organizations experienced a malware infection.
The demand for highly skilled cybersecurity specialists is expected to grow because of the growing amount of political disinformation cases, as well as, the number of frauds. Research by The New York Times has estimated that, in 2020, the number of unfulfilled cybersecurity jobs will increase to 3.5 million.
Another potential 2020 trend is the much-talked-of Internet of things. So, what’s behind its popularity?
The Internet of things has a considerable impact on people’s everyday life; this network of interrelated devices, objects, and digital machines find its use in all domains – from healthcare to architecture, from logistics to education
Those are the following major 2020 trends in the IoT:
PWA is a brand-new class of web applications development that allows users to have native web app experience. The main feature that makes PWA a trending technology is that progressive web apps can function even when devices are offline.
Receiving and making calls and SMS have long ceased to be the main functions of a mobile phone. Nowadays, people use a huge number of mobile applications to communicate, play games, study, have a rest, have fun, etc.
For instance, at the end of 2019, Android users could choose from 2.57 million apps available on Google Play while App Store was the second largest app store offering iOS users almost 1.84 million apps.
Nowadays, using the latest mobile development technologies allows business or organization to get the competitive advantage on the market
There are two categories of mobile development frameworks: native and cross-platform ones. While native apps development is usually done with frameworks created by the company that owns a mobile platform (iOS SDK or Android SDK), cross-platform frameworks allow using a single codebase for multiple platforms.
A considerable advantage of native mobile applications is that they are fast and compatible with the device’s hardware. On the other hand, cross-platform frameworks are more cost-effective than native development. These frameworks allow businesses to achieve various markets. That is why they are among software development trends in 2020.
Xamarin, Flutter, and React Native cross-platform frameworks are believed to be the most promising trending technologies in 2020
However, these frameworks also have drawbacks that can’t be ignored.
Xamarin is an open-source platform framework based on C# programming languages.
It is a revolutionary approach to mobile development because it allows sharing approximately 90% of the codebase among several platforms
Additionally, the Xamarin framework creates a flawless native experience with the help of platform-specific UI components. Another uncomparable benefit, which brings Xamarin is that it allows to maintain and update applications easily only by making changes in the source file. Some of the applications developed on Xamarin include CA Mobile, Novarum DX, Storyo, and Captio.
Flutter is another open-source mobile development platform, which aims at creating unique UI experience on different platforms. The framework was created by Google and uses the Dart programming language, which is quite unfamiliar to most programmers. Like Xamarin, this framework allows you to build native-like applications, though it is a cross-platform framework. An undoubtful flutter’s benefit, which makes it unique, is the availability of numerous widgets and an opportunity to create new ones.
Hot reload is a unique feature that can make flutter the best technology for mobile development in the 2020s
One should not forget about the widely used React Native framework, on which Facebook and other quite popular applications, such as Instagram, Uber Eats, Airbnb, and 2048 were developed. These applications have been downloaded by millions of users, and it’s not a surprise that businesses will continue to use this framework for application development. There is a great number of reasons why this development technology will be trending in computer science in 2020:
In spite of the fact that these three cross-platform development apps are trending in 2020, they have some disadvantages for mobile development, which you should take into consideration. For instance, a major flutter’s drawback is that it has a limited library, which means that developers should compile it themselves.
The popularity of programming languages changes significantly every year. Some already existing languages find new ways to be applied while new programming languages with very attractive features are coming. Businesses choose which language to use depending on how much it can help to achieve their goals.
It has been estimated that, currently, there are between 500 and 5000 programming languages, which almost equals the number of languages spoken worldwide.
For many years, the top programming language was Java. Even though it’s still widely used, one can say that there are completely new trends in technology.
The popularity of the Python programming (development) language is related to its wide range of applications: with Python, you can create mobile and web applications, medical tools, and network servers. What is more, Python is often used for AI development. Throughout 2019, the popularity of Python rose from 5% to 10% and it seems that its rise will continue. Experts say that Python has become so commonly used because its entrance barriers have been lowered significantly.
GoLang is one of the newest programming languages; although Google introduced it back in 2009, it was a household name throughout 2019. Its main feature is an active support of multithreading, thus, it is a perfect option for those companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. One of the reasons why this language has been so popular recently is that it has a very small syntax and is easy to learn. GoLang also is a lightweight language, which allows you to develop applications that do not take up much memory.
Since digital presence is vital for businesses today, being aware of the latest software development trends is a must for clients as well as software development providers. Cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, blockchain, cloud computing, and the Internet of things are those trends that will dominate in, at least, 2020.
These technologies have already entered various spheres of economy. For instance, the IoT is now actively used by governments and environmental services to track the consequences of global warming. If you want to move with the times and remain competitive in your field, you should know what is trending and how to use it for your benefit.